Environmental Management

Across our nine brands, we host 12.9 million guests a year and visit over 700 ports of call around the world. The health and vitality of the oceans, seas, and communities through which we travel is absolutely essential to our business. That makes protecting the environment and biodiversity one of our most critical areas of focus. Our employees not only take great pride in making sure our guests’ vacation exceeds their expectations, but are also deeply committed to protecting the oceans and seas.

2020

Goal Update

Carbon Footprint

2020 Goal Achieved in 2017

2020 Goal: Reduce the intensity of CO2e (carbon dioxide equivalent) emissions from our operations by 25% by 2020 relative to our 2005 baseline, measured in grams of CO2e per ALB-km.

2030 Goal: Reduce the intensity of CO2e (equivalent carbon dioxide) emissions from our operations by 40% by 2030 relative to our 2008 baseline, measured in grams of CO2e per ALB-km.

Reducing Emissions: We achieved our 2020 goal in 2017 and made more progress by:

  • A 29.1% reduction relative to our 2005 baseline.

  • A 24.8% reduction relative to 2008 baseline, in line with our 2030 goal.

  • Delivering the second cruise ship in the world to be powered by liquefied natural gas (LNG) both at sea and in port.

  • Becoming the first cruise company to join the Getting to Zero Coalition.

  • Investing in fuel-cell technology.

  • Investing in battery technology.

AWWTS Technology

Achieved in 2019

Increased Advanced Waste Water Treatment System (AWWTS) coverage of our fleetwide capacity by 10 percentage points by 2020 relative to our 2014 baseline.

• Reached our goal by achieving a 10.3 percentage points in our AWWTS coverage of fleetwide capacity relative to our 2014 baseline.

Advanced Air Quality Systems (AAQS)

On Track

Continue to improve the quality of our emissions into the air by installing Advanced Air Quality Systems across the fleet. These systems significantly reduce sulfur compounds and particulate matter, including black carbon, from our ship’s engine exhaust.

  • 77% of our fleet is equipped with Advanced Air Quality Systems.

  • Developed a public website dedicated to Advanced Air Quality Systems.

  • 236 engines equipped with Advanced Air Quality Systems.

Water Efficiency

Achieved in 2019

Improve water use efficiency of our shipboard operations by 5% by 2020 relative to our 2010 baseline, as measured by liters per person per day.

  • Surpassed our goal by achieving an 8.7% reduction relative to our 2010 baseline.

  • Further improved our water efficiency by supplying 82% of our water needs from the ocean and purchasing only 18% at designated ports.

Waste Reduction

Achieved in 2019

Continue to reduce waste generated by our shipboard operations by 5% by 2020 relative to our 2016 baseline, as measured by kilograms of non-recycled waste per person per day.

  • Reached our goal by achieving a 5.6% reduction in our waste rate relative to our 2016 baseline.

  • Committed to a new food waste reduction goal of 10% across our entire fleet by the end of 2021.

  • Committed to a new goal to reduce all non-essential single-use items, including plastics, on board our ships by 50% by the end of 2021.

  • Completed Phase I of the single-use items and plastics program by eliminating or replacing straws, cups, lids, stir sticks, cocktail picks, toothpicks, butter foils, and plastic shopping bags with sustainable alternatives.

  • Installed additional food waste digesters throughout the fleet.

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External Awards and Recognitions

Newsweek (Most Responsible Companies – Environmental, Social and Governance)

Carnival Corporation & plc has been recognized in Newsweek’s first ranking of America’s…

Neptune Award (Greenest Shipowner)

Carnival Corporation & plc has been honored by maritime industry peers with the…

Germany’s Blue Angel Eco-Label Award (Environmentally Friendly Ship Design)

Carnival’s AIDA Cruises has been awarded the “Blue Angel,” Germany’s Federal Government eco-label,…

Newsweek (Most Responsible Companies – Environmental, Social and Governance)

Carnival Corporation & plc has been recognized in Newsweek’s first ranking of America’s Most Responsible Companies 2020. Companies were evaluated based on their environmental, social, and corporate governance performance. A total of 2000 American public companies were evaluated and the top 300 are included on the list. We are honored to be listed as the highest-ranking company in the cruise sector. The list of companies can be viewed here.

Neptune Award (Greenest Shipowner)

Carnival Corporation & plc has been honored by maritime industry peers with the Greenest Shipowner of the Year Neptune Award, which recognizes a company that has shown excellence in reducing environmental impact in the operation of its fleet in the past year. Winners were chosen by executives from ship owners, ports, and marine technology companies who gathered to share best practices and cutting-edge technologies to enable continued reductions in the environmental impacts of shipping. Click here for more information.

Germany’s Blue Angel Eco-Label Award (Environmentally Friendly Ship Design)

Carnival’s AIDA Cruises has been awarded the “Blue Angel,” Germany’s Federal Government eco-label, for AIDAnova’s environmentally-friendly ship design. Through the use of liquefied natural gas (LNG), the ship emissions of particulate matter and sulfur oxides are almost completely eliminated; nitrogen oxide and CO2 emissions are sustainably reduced. In September 2019, the “Blue Angel” logo was painted onto AIDAnova’s side at the Port of Marseille. Click here for more information.

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Here is what we are doing to protect the environment

Carnival's Pathway to Decarbonization

Addressing climate change is one of our top priorities and we are committed to continue to lead the…

Carnival Corporation Environmental Excellence Award

We continue to honor excellence in environmental performance throughout our fleet. The…

Audit & Investigation

Our ships are regulated by various international, national, state and local laws,…

Partnership: Getting to Zero Coalition

The Getting to Zero Coalition is an alliance of organizations across the maritime,…

Partnership: Jean-Michel Cousteau - Ocean Futures Society

Carnival Corporation partnered with renowned ocean explorer and life-long environmental advocate…

Partnership: Ocean Plastics Leadership Network

We have become members of the Ocean Plastic Leadership Network, a new global community of…

Carnival Cruise Line's Partnership with Clean the World and Soap Aid

Our Carnival Cruise Line brand partnered with Clean the World and Soap Aid, both organizations…

Food Waste Reduction

In 2019, Carnival Corporation committed to a new food waste reduction goal across our entire fleet…

Food Waste Biodigestors

In 2019, we continued to evaluate technologies and operational changes to minimize the volume of…

Costa Cruises and AIDA - Sahara Forest Project

Costa Cruises Foundation – Costa Crociere joined forces with the Norwegian nonprofit Sahara Forest…

CDP Disclosure

We have reported our carbon emissions in the CDP (formerly known as the Carbon Disclosure…

Arison Maritime Center - CSmart

Carnival Corporation & plc partnered with University of West Florida, Innovation Institute to…

HESS Event Reporting System

In 2019, we completed the fleetwide rollout of a new health, environment, safety and security…

Animal Welfare

Tour Operators Completed 100% of animal welfare audits for tour encounters offering…

Water Use Efficiency

We are committed to finding innovative ways to improve our water use efficiency and in 2019…

Operation Oceans Alive - FY2019 Update

In 2018, we launched Operation Oceans Alive, a new environmental stewardship program.…

Removing Single-Use Items, Including Plastics

Following the global movement to reduce single-use item consumption we are eliminating all…

Carnival's Pathway to Decarbonization icon

Carnival's Pathway to Decarbonization

Addressing climate change is one of our top priorities and we are committed to continue to lead the path within the cruise industry. Our entire management team, including our Board of Directors, is committed to addressing climate change. Our path to decarbonization involves multimillion dollar investments and a multi-faceted strategy. Key components of this strategy include adopting international frameworks and working with industry regulatory bodies to: address upcoming regulatory requirements and conditions, maximize efficiency opportunities/gains, implement low carbon fuels, invest in carbon-efficient technologies, support and accelerate industry-specific research & development projects, establish internal goals supporting the path as well as partner with other companies, NGOs, and relevant stakeholders. In the coming years, we are likely to see an array of emerging technological innovations as currently there is not a single (nor a combination of technologies) that can move the maritime industry straight into a decarbonization path. As we navigate this journey, we are committed to evaluate options, work with various stakeholders, and adjust our path as needed. Please see our Pathway to Decarbonization page for further details.

Carnival Corporation Environmental Excellence Award icon

Carnival Corporation Environmental Excellence Award

We continue to honor excellence in environmental performance throughout our fleet. The Carnival Corporation environmental excellence award honors the accomplishments of the ship’s management and crew that best represents our commitment to protecting and preserving the environment. Their example promotes continuous improvement throughout our fleet. Every year one ship from each cruise brand is selected and from those nine total ships, one is recognized as the best in environmental excellence. For FY2019 performance, Carnival Cruise Line’s ship Carnival Horizon was the recipient of the Environmental Excellence Award. The individual best in brand Environmental Excellence Award winners are:

• AIDA Cruises: AIDAVita
• Carnival Cruise Line: Carnival Vista
• Costa Cruises: Costa Fascinosa / Costa Asia: Costa Serena
• Cunard: Queen Victoria
• Holland America Line: Koningsdam • P&O Australia: Pacific Dawn
• P&O Cruises: Ventura
• Princess Cruises: Ruby Princess
• Seabourn: Seabourn Sojourn


Audit & Investigation icon

Audit & Investigation

Our ships are regulated by various international, national, state and local laws, regulations and treaties enforced in the jurisdictions in which they operate. Compliance with these laws and regulations is verified through regular third-party inspections, surveys and audits.

Internal Health, Environment, Safety and Security (HESS) compliance audits are conducted annually of each of our brands’ head offices, 100% of our fleet, our ports, hotels and land transport assets. HESS investigations are also carried out as needed to determine the root cause of incidents and identify corrective and preventative actions that will reduce the risk of future occurrences. In 2019, we made a number of improvements to our investigative function, which included: a) adding additional investigators; b) revising our investigation policies to reduce the tendency to place blame and to emphasize the need to learn from incidents; c) improving investigative training on root cause analysis; d) reducing the backlog of investigations. Additional improvements to the investigation program are planned and on-going throughout 2020.

To better promote sharing of “lessons learned” throughout the corporation, all incident investigation recommendations, audit observations, findings and non-conformities are periodically reviewed by HESS leaders, reported to the brands and to relevant corporate groups for review and resolution. Additionally, internal focus reviews are performed based on identified root causes from incident investigations, audits, and management risk assessments.

Partnership: Getting to Zero Coalition icon

Partnership: Getting to Zero Coalition

The Getting to Zero Coalition is an alliance of organizations across the maritime, energy, infrastructure, and finance sectors committed to accelerating the decarbonization of the international shipping industry. Carnival Corporation is the first cruise company to join this global alliance.

The coalition’s goal aligns with the International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) strategy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from shipping by at least 50% by 2050 as compared to 2008 emissions. To meet the target, the Getting to Zero Coalition aspires to having technically feasible, commercially viable zero-emission deep-sea vessels (ZEVs) entering the global shipping fleet as early as 2030. The alliance’s goal also includes scalable infrastructure for zero-carbon energy sources, including production, distribution, storage, and bunkering.

Supported by key governments and intergovernmental organizations, the coalition represents a leading group of over 80 companies, including global stakeholders from a variety of shipping-related industries such as fuel suppliers, engine manufacturers, marine classification societies, shipping companies, major ports, and more.

Partnership: Jean-Michel Cousteau - Ocean Futures Society icon

Partnership: Jean-Michel Cousteau - Ocean Futures Society

Carnival Corporation partnered with renowned ocean explorer and life-long environmental advocate Jean- Michel Cousteau and his Ocean Futures Society, a nonprofit marine conservation and education organization that serves as a “Voice for the Ocean” on the importance of effective environmental and sustainability policy. Cousteau is providing valuable external expertise on environmental initiatives as we continue our commitment to sustainability and our oceans.

Partnership: Ocean Plastics Leadership Network icon

Partnership: Ocean Plastics Leadership Network

We have become members of the Ocean Plastic Leadership Network, a new global community of retailers, brands, and non-governmental organizations committed to sharing best practices, new business models, to develop new approaches, innovations and solutions-based projects to address the impacts of plastic waste on the marine environment.

Carnival Cruise Line's Partnership with Clean the World and Soap Aid icon

Carnival Cruise Line's Partnership with Clean the World and Soap Aid

Our Carnival Cruise Line brand partnered with Clean the World and Soap Aid, both organizations recycle hotel soap and hotel amenities. Discarded soap from Carnival’s guest and crew staterooms are gathered throughout the fleet and sent to a Clean the World or Soap Aid recycling center where the soap is sanitized, melted down, and reprocessed. Together, Carnival Cruise Line and their soap recycling partners will distribute more than 400,000 recycled, clean bars of soap to people in need across the globe each year. Through its partnership with Carnival Cruise Line, Clean the World was able to expand its existing recycling program to locations throughout the Bahamas, Puerto Rico, Mexico, Bermuda, and Central America providing life-saving hygiene services to residents in these areas.

Food Waste Reduction icon

Food Waste Reduction

In 2019, Carnival Corporation committed to a new food waste reduction goal across our entire fleet of 10% by the end of 2021. As part of this initiative, a new baseline was established and we are working on solutions that involve the development of new and the revision of existing food waste management systems and practices on board our ships.

Food Waste Biodigestors icon

Food Waste Biodigestors

In 2019, we continued to evaluate technologies and operational changes to minimize the volume of food waste generated and installed additional biodigesters throughout the fleet. Biodigesters use an aerobic digestion process that takes place within the machines and efficiently breaks down food waste. This green technology also supports and enhances operations on board, making it more efficient for crew members to manage and control food waste. We are excited about this technology and are planning to expand the use of these systems across our fleet as part of our commitment to environmental excellence.

Costa Cruises and AIDA - Sahara Forest Project icon

Costa Cruises and AIDA - Sahara Forest Project

Costa Cruises Foundation – Costa Crociere joined forces with the Norwegian nonprofit Sahara Forest Project Foundation to enlarge the scope to revegetate the desert in Jordan with sustainable technologies and to promote social and environmental improvement within the region. Currently, the Sahara Forest Project operates three hectares of commercial facility, located 12 kilometers north of the port of Aqaba. The project focuses on combining saltwater-cooled greenhouses, solar energy panels, and different techniques for outdoor revegetation in dry areas. An important part of the agreement is represented by the involvement of Costa Cruises and AIDA Cruises guests: guests cruising on Costa and AIDA ships calling at Aqaba will have the unique chance to taste, for the very first time in the world, at least ten different environmentally-friendly vegetables produced by using solar power and saltwater in the Jordan desert, through special recipes created by the Executive Chefs of the two cruise companies to emphasize their taste and quality.

CDP Disclosure icon

CDP Disclosure

We have reported our carbon emissions in the CDP (formerly known as the Carbon Disclosure Project) since 2007. In 2019, we submitted our disclosures and received a management score level (B-) for both carbon and water scarcity.

Arison Maritime Center - CSmart icon

Arison Maritime Center - CSmart

Carnival Corporation & plc partnered with University of West Florida, Innovation Institute to launch a new Environmental Excellence course designed to foster a culture of learning, ownership and greater understanding of environmental compliance. The course uses the Innovation Institute’s challenge- based learning concepts to provide interactive instruction and continuous professional development for environmental officers across the Carnival Corporation & plc fleet.

HESS Event Reporting System icon

HESS Event Reporting System

In 2019, we completed the fleetwide rollout of a new health, environment, safety and security (HESS) event reporting system. This platform has allowed us to standardize our HESS event reporting and analysis capabilities across the entire fleet.

Animal Welfare icon

Animal Welfare

Tour Operators

  • Completed 100% of animal welfare audits for tour encounters offering dog sledding in Alaska.

  • Completed more than 50% of animal welfare audits for tour encounters with dolphins in captivity between FY2018 and FY2019

Water Use Efficiency icon

Water Use Efficiency

We are committed to finding innovative ways to improve our water use efficiency and in 2019 we:

  • Improved our water use rate to 57.1 gallons per person per day vs. the U.S. National average of 90 gallons per person per day. This represents a 0.6 gallon per person reduction achieved from our FY2018 performance.

  • We produce approximately 82% of the water we use on board our ships from sea water.

  • We purchased approximately 18% of our water from the ports or the water suppliers in the ports we visit.

Operation Oceans Alive - FY2019 Update

In 2018, we launched Operation Oceans Alive, a new environmental stewardship program. Operation Oceans Alive is a call to action for all employees to care about and protect our oceans, seas, and waterways from environmental harm - ensuring their ecosystems, plant life, and aquatic animals thrive both now and in the future. In its second year (2019), Operation Oceans Alive continued to grow through new programs and procedural changes, commitments, educational and training channels, and, perhaps most importantly, through individual choices and actions. The following is a list of accomplishments in 2019:

  • Committed to a new food waste reduction goal of 10% across our entire fleet by the end of 2021.

  • Committed to a new goal to reduce all non-essential single-use items, including plastics, on board our ships by 50% by the end of 2021.

  • Completed Phase I of the single-use items and plastics program by eliminating or replacing straws, cups, lids, stir sticks, cocktail picks, toothpicks, butter foils, and plastic shopping bags with sustainable alternatives.

  • Installed additional food waste digesters through the fleet.

Removing Single-Use Items, Including Plastics icon

Removing Single-Use Items, Including Plastics

Following the global movement to reduce single-use item consumption we are eliminating all non-essential single-use items, including plastics, on board our ships by the end of 2021. Our journey started in 2018 and we have already made great progress since. In 2019, we further supported this commitment with the implementation of our Single-Use Item Policy. We also established a single-use item task force to coordinate the reduction and elimination process of these items.

The first phase of the process was completed in FY2019 and single-use items such as straws, cups, lids, stir sticks, cocktail picks, toothpicks, butter foils, and plastic shopping bags have been eliminated or replaced with sustainable alternatives. The second phase will begin in 2020 and includes the elimination or reduction of items such as individual servings of selected packaged food items, toiletry items, and chopsticks, among others.

Our

Commitment

We are committed to protecting and preserving the beauty and majesty of the oceans, seas, and land environments that we visit. We are also committed to continuously improving our operations and heightening our environmental focus. We actively participate in the process of determining our company and industry’s role in addressing climate change and understanding our impact areas. We focus on four main environmental pillars:

  • Energy & Emissions

  • Waste Management

  • Water Management

  • Biodiversity

We continue to lead the decarbonization path within the cruise industry. This involves closely monitoring our energy & emissions profile. Our shipboard fuel consumption contributes to 97.3% of our direct carbon emissions (Scope 1) and is therefore the most significant contributor to our carbon footprint. Responsible waste management is also an essential component of our environmental program. To better manage our waste, we are working towards adopting the principles of a circular economy. Waste generated by our operations and activities of our guests and crew mirrors the waste generated by hotels and resort complexes worldwide. We are committed to minimize waste generated by our operations and activities. Our shipboard waste is disposed of in strict accordance with our environmental procedures that are designed to meet and exceed internal, international, regional, and local environmental regulatory requirements as well as industry standards. A challenge that limits the volume of recycling materials is the lack of recycling infrastructure available at certain ports we visit worldwide.

Our approach is to hold recycling materials on board, where possible, until a port that offers recycling services is reached within the itinerary. To minimize our impact on watersheds and biodiversity, we work diligently to protect marine life and closely collaborate with our supply chain and shore excursion providers to ensure ethical and environmentally-safe practices. We produce approximately 82% of the water we use on board our ships from sea water, while the remaining 18% is purchased from the water suppliers in the ports we visit. In ports or regions experiencing water scarcity or restrictions, our water sourcing patterns are modified in order to only bunker water from ports where water is abundant, of high-quality and is cost- efficient to purchase. Our ships’ holding capacities and equipment, allows us to adapt our water sourcing patterns in times of water scarcity.

Sustainable tourism is also an important component of environmental management and we recognize our responsibility. To protect ecosystems, and to contribute to improved biodiversity of the communities we visit, we partner with environmental protection and conservation organizations in order to support programs and initiatives related to our operations. We actively engage our guests in supporting our sustainability initiatives by raising awareness for the importance of saving natural resources. This includes guest-facing communications that encourages water conservation and waste segregation/recycling. To keep things fun and engaging, we invite our guests to join us in celebrating environmental holidays and to support our efforts to raise awareness for the importance of environmental protection.

Our

Strategy

Our environmental management strategy is based on the values and objectives set forth in our Health, Environment, Safety and Security Strategy (HESS) Policy and our 2020 and beyond sustainability goals. As part of our 2020 sustainability strategy and as we finalize our 2030 sustainability goals, we have aligned our strategy with the United Nations (UN) Global Sustainable Development Agenda. The agenda follows recognized frameworks such as the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Paris Agreement on climate change. Our pathway towards decarbonization involves multimillion dollar investments and a multi-faceted strategy. We carefully manage environmental activities and address environmental stewardship at every level of our organization. Our strategy encompasses multiple elements, including addressing climate change, investing in port communities, complying with a changing regulatory landscape, evaluating new technologies, addressing stakeholder needs, and expanding partnerships – all of which are designed to protect the environment while supporting our objective to exceed expectations. Our entire management team, including our Board of Directors, is committed to addressing climate change.

We evaluate environmental risks, develop standards and procedures, and put high emphasis on our associated environmental leadership and performance. We have consolidated our brand’s best environmental practices and procedures into a single corporate-wide HESS management system to ensure a consistent approach across all our brands.

Our management teams identify and manage environmental aspects and impacts, supervise the environmental performance of our ships, and ensure compliance with environmental statutory requirements including best management practices and company environmental procedures. Most importantly, our dedicated ships’ officers and crew carry out our policies and procedures on board daily.

To further support our environmental strategies, our Environmental Management System (EMS) is certified in accordance with the ISO 14001:2015 Environmental Management System standard. An independent, third-party organization audits and certifies our EMS in accordance with ISO 14001. We have also developed a greenhouse gas inventory management plan (GHG IMP) in accordance with

the requirements of the ISO 14064-1:2006 and The Greenhouse Gas Protocol, which enables our third- party GHG verifier to certify our GHG emissions inventory to that standard. Each ship in our fleet has a full-time Environmental Officer (EO), who oversees environmental compliance and implementation of environmental procedures (for more details see the EO section in the Appendix).

In addition, Operation Oceans Alive forms a central element of our environmental management strategy. The environmental stewardship program was launched in 2018, and is a call to action for all employees to care about and to protect our oceans, seas, and waterways from environmental harm – ensuring their ecosystems, plant life, and aquatic animals thrive both now and in the future.

We are also actively involved in research and development projects for our existing ships and for new ships under development. We have dedicated departments that evaluate technologies and new systems for installation throughout our fleet. These departments evaluate technical, regulatory, safety, environmental, and operational aspects associated with maritime environmental systems/technologies. Among the challenges typically encountered when adapting shore-based technologies to maritime use are adjustments for space, weight and access limitations, material standards, operating environment, and regulatory approvals. All of these factors increase the complexity of projects to improve environmental technologies in the maritime domain. In order to efficiently evaluate these opportunities, ships within the fleet are regularly selected to test systems and technologies while also running pilot programs, where applicable.

We pioneered the use of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), the marine industry’s most advanced fuel technology, and are expanding our LNG investment as part of our decarbonization pathway. We began the implementation of our LNG vision by using LNG while in port in Hamburg, Germany 2015. Since then, we have expanded our LNG capabilities. In 2018, we made history with the launch of AIDAnova, the first cruise ship in the world powered 100% by LNG both at sea and in port. In 2019, we launched the second LNG cruise ship in our fleet, and in the world, Costa Smeralda. We are leading the cruise industry’s use of LNG to power cruise ships; we have nine additional sister vessels due for delivery between 2020 and 2025.

We recognize that successful, long-term environmental change requires significant collective action and as such we collaborate closely with our suppliers and industry peers within the travel and tourism industry to address environmental challenges and opportunities. This includes close partnerships with a variety of environmentally-focused organizations, local communities, and our shore excursion providers as well as close collaboration with industry associations such as The World Tourism Council (WTC) and The International Maritime Organization (IMO). Even though the goals of these partnerships vary depending on the type of organization, the input from these partners enable us to develop strategies around key environmental areas, including climate action, destination stewardship, sustainable waste and water management as well as biodiversity.